The air is cool and the breeze sweeps the leaves beneath your feet. Foliage turns reddish purple in fall. Black haw viburnum is a low-maintenance shrub that grows well in many different locations and climates. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Viburnum rufidulum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft 4in). Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant. However, Blackhaw’s #1 highlight is it’s stunning fall foliage. By no means are these small fruits a significant food source, but they provide a tasty nibble throughout fall and even through winter as they hang dried on the branches. Many birds love munching on Blackhaw Viburnum berries, including the Wood Thrush, Northern Mockingbird, Gray Catbird, Brown Thrasher and Cedar Waxwing. The prolific spring flowering suggests that an abundance of fruit will soon follow, which is very true indeed. Black haw stem bark is LIKELY SAFEfor most people when taken by mouthin food amounts. You can propagate black haw by germinating the seeds. The edible fruit tastes like raisins. Good drainage is necessary for this shrub, and it can tolerate most pH levels. This substance is allelopathic and will harm many other plants, so planting a black haw bush nearby is a good choice. The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) has multiple seasons of interest in the landscape; prolific creamy white late spring and early summer flowers, crisp foliage turning colorful shades of yellow, orange, or red in the fall. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. The flavor of the fruit resembles that of dates or prunes, with a nice sweetness and subtle smoky flavor. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Forest Rouge Blackhaw Viburnum is a trademarked selection made by Dan Moore at McKay Nursery in Waterloo, Wisconsin. ( Log Out /  The scientific name for this shrub is Viburnum prunifolium, and it's part of the Adoxaceae family. Similar species: Ten species in genus Viburnum are known to grow wild in our state. Blackhaw viburnum planted en masse makes a fine privacy hedge if you have the room, but it is more often grown as a specimen plant or placed in a mixed bed. The flowers are creamy white, 9 mm diameter; the calyx is urn-shaped, five-toothed, persistent; the corolla is five-lobed, with rounded lobes, imbricate in bud; the five stamens alternate with the corolla lobes, the filaments slender, the anthers pale yellow, oblong, two-celled, the cells opening longitudinally; the ovary is inferior, one-celled, with a thick, pale green style and a flat stigma and a single ovule. Choose a site for your black haw that will provide full sun to partial shade. Their slightly bitter flavor is tamed through cooking, so they’re usually reserved for jams and preserves. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. This wonderful tree is a … A relative of Highbush Cranberry, blackhaws stand at a medium height of 10′-12′ and remain rather slender, providing the ideal structure for a privacy-screen or windbreak. Nestled amongst this sightly landscape sits the shrubby Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium). These shrubs will also withstand pollution in urban settings. Once dry, store the seeds over the winter in a brown paper bag. In spring new leaves emerge copper-colored followed by white, flat-topped flowers and green glossy foliage. I don't have these where I live, but have included a description of them for those that live where they grow. Here we have a plant that is very aesthetically pleasing, functional — for use as a privacy hedge or windbreak, and productive — yielding a delecious edible fruit. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. ( Log Out /  Blackhaw Viburnum is an American spcies, a deciduous shrub which reaches 15 feet high producing a cluster of white flowers, serrated oval leaves and blue-black berries. The leaves are oval-shaped, dark green, and grow up to four inches long. In the north it is a shrub, but in the south it can be grown into a small tree. ( Log Out /  Very ornamental, Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw) is a large, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree noted for its eye-catching flower clusters, colorful berries and attractive fall color. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. By September and October, edible berries appear after the blooms, starting with a pinkish color and turned to blue-black when mature. Viburnum Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium), another unique edible plant, is a native as an understory shrub in the Eastern and Midwestern United States. To avoid removing the buds for the next year's blooms, pruning should be done right after flowering has finished. It will also survive in conditions dipping well below freezing during the winter. Early spring and fall are ideal times to plant, and a spot with well-drained soil and ample sun will get you the best results. Birds and small mammals are attracted to black haw viburnum for its fruits. Also called the Black Haw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Sweet Haw, and Stag Bush. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Bloom Color: White. Reviews. And if you want a shrub with leaves that turn a vibrant red in the fall, look for 'Ovazam', 'Forest Rouge', 'Summer Magic', or 'Early Red' cultivars. The plants, though small, offer a nice mix of blossoms, berries and fall foliage display. If you’re feeling drawn to this type of landscaping and are ready to transform your yard to a more exciting, useful, and beautiful landscape, then visit our contact page to schedule a consultation today! Nice looking, slow growing, takes well from cuttings, transplanting of root suckers and from seed. Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description: This is a branched woody shrub or small tree up to 15' tall. The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small tree with clusters of creamy white flowers followed by pink-rose berries, which birds love to eat. Plant them in small pots in early spring, and then transplant them outdoors when the plants become large enough, around one foot tall. They are white, five lobed, highly fragrant ¼ inch wide. Fruit pulp is sweet and edible with a raisin-like taste. Once established, it will require minimal watering unless you experience long periods of heat and drought. Also called the Black Haw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Sweet Haw, and Stag Bush. Black haw viburnum is very hardy—it's able to tolerate the juglone produced by the black walnut and other walnut tree species. In October, Blackhaw boasts fruitfulness with it’s overyielding showcase of blueish-black 1/4″-1/2″ oval shaped fruits. The young bark of small branches is gray and slightly rough, while the old bark of the trunk or larger branches is grey and rough with flat-topped plates. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The berries are edible and often picked and eaten fresh, or used in jams and preserves. They're edible for both humans and wildlife. A large tree or multi-stemmed shrub with impressive dark green foliage in summer months changing in the autumn to a purple, rich red burgundy color which is quite showy. The foliage emerges yellow green and ages to a dark, shiny green. It can also be trained into an informal hedge for use as a privacy screen. Some other distinctive features include the bark, which resembles alligator skin, and the fishbone pattern formed by the branches. The fruit is a drupe1 cm long, dark blu… Blackhaw. In spring, masses of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters, 4.5 in. After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. Blackhaw. Pretty flowers are creamy white and bloom in early May. It prefers loamy soil, but it does grow in clay and sandy areas. Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. I don't have these where I live, but have included a description of them for those that live where they grow. The fruit is pinkish-rose and matures to bluish-black; it provides a good food source for birds and wildlife. Grows 12'-15' high with and 8'-12' spread. The leaves develop a beautiful red color in fall. Your black haw bush will benefit from a seasonal feeding in the spring. Relax muscles, Treat painful menstruation, Promote circulation, Sedative, Nervine. The … The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Rich of nectar, they are loved by butterflies, bees and other pollinators. Fruits are edible and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and preserves. The shrub may sometimes clone itself through suckers that will need to be detached to keep it under control. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. Health benefits. Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw, Stagbush, bluish-black fruit, varying size, sweet, eaten out of hand, or used for jams, jelly, sauces, drinks and the like. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. Fruit ripens in the fall in clusters of dark blue football-shaped, edible, fleshy drupes about 1/3 to ½ inch long with a flattened stone-like seed within. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium). The flowers attract bees in the spring and birds love the berries in the fall. The nectar is attractive to native bees and butterflies. The flavor of the fruit resembles that of dates or prunes, with a nice sweetness and subtle smoky flavor. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Black haw, stag bush, blackhaw, or sweet haw, Growing Tips for Arrowwood Viburnum Shrubs, How to Grow and Care for Black Huckleberries. It can also handle a spot with more shade, though there may be fewer flowers and fruit. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium). It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. However, Blackhaw’s #1 highlight is it’s stunning fall foliage. The leaves are oval-shaped, up to 3.5 inches long, and glossy green on top with toothed margins. Excellent pinkish-red fall color with black fruits contrast nicely. Butterflies, bees, and birds are all attracted to black haw flowers. The common name Blackhaw is thought to be due to its similarity to hawthorns, which are sometimes called red haws, though the two plants are in an entirely different genus and plant family. Flowers are followed by clusters of elliptic, edible, dark blue berries (to 3/8” long) that ripen in September-October. Best of all, this native has purple-black fruit that can be eaten right off the plant. Viburnums can be difficult to identify to species, involving (for example) fairly fussy characteristics of … The mature fruit of Rusty Blackhaws is sweet and delicious. The flowers are borne in flat-topped cymes 10 cm in diameter in mid to late spring. Flower blooms are followed by a droopy blue-black edible fruit. Southern black haw is distinguished from the similar black haw (V. prunifolium) by its glossy green leaves and rusty brown hairs. They're edible for both humans and wildlife. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Ovate, finely toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long) turn attractive shades of red and purple in fall. Spread a 10-10-10 granular fertilizer mix at the base of the plant, creating a circle with a 3-foot circumference. After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. It could not get much better than this. Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. Sunlight shines upon the trees casting a glorious display of fall colors — with hues of orange, yellow, and red — providing us with warmth  before the cold winter months ahead. Viburnum prunifolium. The fruit of black haw viburnum is edible and has been traditionally eaten when ripe or make into jam. A shrub, with a dense, more oval, upright branching form than the species. Its distinctive bronze-green foliage on reddish purple stems turns blue-black in the fall. The large single seed isn't edible but as you eat the fruit save the seeds to plant in other likely spots. Similar to the popular and far too common– Burning Bush, the leaves turn a firey crimson-red which creates a gorgeous contrast against the dull grey bark and dark blue fruit. When you first plant your shrub, you'll need to water it at least every other day until it takes root. Black haw viburnum is tolerant of hot temperatures of over 90 degrees Fahrenheit as long as it has enough water. Change ), Ecological Renovation & Management of Apple Orchards. These shrubs can become quite large, so make sure there's enough space for it to expand. Even in late winter when they've dried into wrinkled raisin-like fruit they are often still quite edible. Birds are attracted to the fruit. By no means are these small fruits a significant food source, but they provide a tasty nibble throughout fall and even through winter as they hang dried on the branches. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is a lovely little native that can be found growing all over the state, from east to central Texas, mostly along streams and the edges of woodland area. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray Form: Upright or erect, Vase. Two plants are required for cross pollination and fruit set. You can make a black haw viburnum into a small tree through pruning to create a central leader. In the fall, the foliage will transform into shades of red and purple. Ovoid drupe, 1/3 inches long. Shapes. Bitter. These tasty fruits contain an inedible disc-shaped seed on the inside with a thin layer of dry flesh between that and the flaky skin. Save seeds by harvesting the fruit once it turns black, and drying the berries (with pulp) in a cool location. Black haw root bark is POSSIBLY SAFEfor most people when taken by … A landscape favorite, this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species. It can be grown as a small tree or as a large shrub. The berry-like drupes are edible for humans too. In late spring we’re greeted by it’s dense clusters of creamy-white blooms, which are a special attraction to butterflys. Flat heads of white flowers in the spring. You can mix in some manure or compost into the soil before planting, and top with mulch to help improve the drainage. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Stiff and horizontally branched, Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small native tree. Rusty Blackhaw, Viburnum rufidulum, is a small deciduous tree that is much more attractive than its namesake.It has lustrous, glossy leaves …