Jon M. Conrad, " Open access and extinction of the passenger pigeon in North America", Interactive distribution map for Fagus grandifolia,, Natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 18:34. Trees in the southern half of the range are sometimes distinguished as a variety, F. grandifolia var. currently features 3812 plants and 23,740 images. Ecological succession is essentially the process of forests changing their composition through time; it is a pattern of events often observed on disturbed sites. The flowers are separate male and female flowers and appear in spring. It is a low-branched tree with its mature trunk ranging from 2 to 3 feet in diameter. Fagus grandifolia on Wikipedia. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. heterophylla Camp: FAGRC: Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Trunks have distinctive thin, smooth, gray bark. Its trunk is now on display at The Filson Historical Society. Attached in groups of 2 or 3, prickly husks that remain on the tree after the nut has fallen, 3/4 of an inch long. Robust in well-drained, moist acid soil; will not stand compaction. Beech nuts were one of the primary foods of the now-extinct passenger pigeon; the clearing of beech and oak forests is pointed to as one of the major factors that may have contributed to the bird's extinction. The fruit is a small, sharply-angled nut, borne in pairs in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk. Below these colonies, deposits of sooty mold develop caused by the fungus Scorias spongiosa growing saprophytically on the honeydew the insects exude. Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.. American Beech. The subgenera Fagus are high-branching with tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark. Grouped toward the ends of branches or short branchlets. Discussion. Best in full sun, but will withstand part shade. Fagus_grandifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from October to November. This tree was used by Native Americans for building materials, medicine, and food. Carl H. Tubbs and David R. Houston. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. form a strategic partnership called N.C. American beech is an important tree in forestry. long or 12 cm) turns rich russet and golden colors in the fall and holds on most of the winter. It also makes high quality, long-burning firewood. English: Photo of Fagus grandifolia in flower. In fall the flowers are followed by the fruit called beechnuts and are edible. Simple, alternate, ovate-oblong leaves, 2 to 5 inch long, half as wide, acuminate tip, coarsely serrate. Can cause stomach irritation in some individuals if eaten in quantity. It is a low-branched tree with its mature trunk ranging from 2 to 3 feet  in diameter. For lepidopteran caterpillars feeding on American beech, see list of Lepidoptera that feed on beeches. Native to eastern North America, Fagus grandifolia (American Beech) is a magnificent, large, deciduous tree adorned with a short trunk and a dense, wide-spreading crown. Deer occasionally browse on beech foliage, but it is not a preferred food. VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. The American beech is native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario in southeastern Canada, west to Wisconsin and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida in the United States. It is a deciduous tree growing to 20–35 m (66–115 ft) tall, with smooth, silver-gray bark. American Beech « Previous Plant | Next Plant » Fagus grandifolia - American Beech. It also casts heavy shade and is an extremely thirsty tree with high moisture requirements compared to oaks, so it has a dense, shallow root system. Please register or login to build your personal plant list. The trunks of mature beeches often rot and develop cavities that are used by wildlife for habitation. Its foliage of ovate to elliptic, coarsely serrated, lustrous dark green leaves (5 in. caroliniana, but this is not considered distinct in the Flora of North America. In open areas, the trunk is typically short and stout, while the crown is large. The aphids are food for the Harvester butterfly (Feniseca tarquinius), North Carolina's only carnivorous butterfly.