During World War II, an Indian king set up a home away from home for Polish refugees and orphans: a Little Poland in India. After World War II, 12 million refugees and expellees came to Germany — a country that was in tatters and hardly had any food. In 1831, a Polish uprising against Russia was ruthlessly suppressed, and a great number of Poles fled to Canada to escape economic, political and military reprisals. Moving interviews, filmed 20 years later, document their harrowing exodus from Poland: via Siberian labour camps, malnutrition and death, to being greeted by PM Peter Fraser on arrival in NZ. General Anders evacuated 74,000 Polish troops, including approximately 41,000 civilians, many of them children, to Iran.9 In total, over 116,000 refugees were relocated to Iran. It is in India that I have my first childhood memories. There were six European armies-in-exile stationed in Britain in 1940 – Belgian, Dutch, Czechoslovakian, French, Norwegian and Polish. His efforts saved the lives of more than 640 women and children. May 2, 2016 - Explore Sailors Without Borders's board "Polish Refugees" on Pinterest. Over half the 33,000 Polish refugees transferred around the world, that is 18,000, went to Africa in 1942 and 1943. It is estimated that, nearly 5,000 Polish refugees from Soviet camps lived in India between 1942 and 1948, although researchers have not been able to establish the exact numbers. Facts. became the main landing point for Polish refugees coming into Iran from the Soviet Union, receiving up to 2,500 refugees per day. The vast majority were helped to board ships and travel to France or England. I came across this story about the same time I read Greg Archer’s Grace Revealed. T he ravages of the Second World War left Poland a shadow of the country it once was. Many of the refugees fled without a specific destination in mind. This was unprecedented. Travelling on British ships to ports in Kenya, Tanganyika and Mozambique, the refugees were dispersed to settlements in the British colonies of Uganda, Kenya and Tanganyika, also to South Africa, North and South Rhodesia. When the Germans overran Europe in 1940, many more refugees escaped to Britain. After the war, Polish divisions remained in Italy near Ancona, providing care for displaced Polish refugees. A Polish girl landscapes the patch of earth in front of her tent. It was by this circuitous route that the Polish deportees arrived in Tanzania, South Africa, Zimbabwe and other parts of British Africa to see out the rest of WW2. This number included people from countries invaded by the Nazis who had been transported to Germany for labour, civilians fleeing invasion of their home country by the Russian Army, and soldiers who had been released from German prisoner of war camps. When Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, hundreds of thousands of Jewish and non-Jewish refugees fled the advancing German army into eastern Poland, hoping that the Polish army would halt the German advance in the west. And with that, the stories of the Polish refugees in Öreryd drifted into obscurity. Where to start. The Polish refugees housed in the various camps in Iran, Lebanon, Palestine, India, and Africa moved to Great Britain and its dominions, Canada and Australia, from where some of them later emigrated to the United States; some also settled in Argentina. Jewish Refugees in Latin America Receiving JDC Assistance, 1948 (PDF 5.20 MB) These 1948 lists detail monthly reports from the JDC Latin America office on World War II refugees. A recent photo of the monument stone. It was such a hell that it wiped out almost everything from my mind. The historic burden wrought by World War II continues to equally shape the world today and haunt the lives of the young and old. “When we were deported from Poland to Russia, I was four. 49,547 Polish refugees entered Romanian soil, of which 23,638 were soldiers. In 1944 more than 700 displaced Polish children, with about 100 adults, arrived in New Zealand. Photo: Victoria Martínez. 82.4 tons of gold in 1,261 crates were evacuated to the West, while 2,738 tons of gold and other values were kept in the vaults of the National Bank of Romania. In the summer of 1942, the SS Drottningholm set sail carrying hundreds of desperate Jewish refugees, en route to New York City from Sweden. The refugees in the camps in Africa were less free since the camps were watched by a Polish and an African camp guard and in general the natives were not allowed to visit the camp. Laski also spent some years working on the establishment of the Church of England. But Iran proved unable to care for such large numbers of refugees, causing the British government to move Polish civilians to other British colonies. In the aftermath of World War II, around one million Europeans were displaced from their country of origin. Approximately 20000 of them could leave the country and join the reorganised Western Polish army led by General Wladyslaw Sikorski. Germans were rounded up by Polish militias and put in camps, before being removed from the country. The Story of Seven-Hundred Polish Children - This 1967 documentary tells the story of 734 Polish children who were adopted by New Zealand in 1944 as WWII refugees. Polish Soldiers on a Train Returning to Poland After WW2 Why couldn’t Stanislaw and Lola go back to Poland? Today marks 75 years since the first official refugees – Polish children fleeing the horrors of World War II – arrived in New Zealand. This Maharashtra Village Gave a Safe Home to 5000 Polish Refugees During WW2! The Polish refugees mixed with natives by playing games with them and building things together. This series comprises records of the Army Records Centre (Polish Section) concerning Polish forces and the Polish Resettlement Corps (PRC), set up in 1946 to ease the transition of Poles serving with Allied forces to civilian life in Britain or abroad. A forgotten chapter of World War II In September 1939, Stalin pounced on Poland, dismembering it in one of the bleakest chapters of Polish history. See more ideas about refugee, wwii, history. The refugees immigrated to Paraguay, Cuba, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador and were sponsored by JDC. The total establishment of the Polish II … The Act provided Polish refugees in the UK with entitlement to employment and to unemployment benefit. Culture What Germany's postwar refugees taught us about integration. You are here: All Items; Evacuation from USSR to Persia (Iran) in 1942; Red Cross LIST of Polish refugees sent to Africa and beyond Non-military refugees, mostly women and children, were also transferred across the Caspian Sea to Iran. They continued to train because they expected a war between the Western powers and the Soviet Union. 3. A lesser known story of Polish refugees in WWII is the story of Colonia Santa Rosa in Mexico. Image: Nick Parrino/Library of Congress. Looking Back to See Ahead. High skilled staff, like medical staff, teachers, priests, Kindergarten group at a Polish refugee camp, Pahiatua, 7 February 1945. Polish refugees in a camp on the outskirts of Tehran. The 1947 Polish Resettlement Act aimed to resettle political refugees in the UK, at a time when it was on the verge of an era of considerable population increase based largely on immigration. I realized I knew little of the fate of Polish refugees, including thousands of orphans, deported by Stalin, or of the various countries who offered refuge to thousands of Polish refugees. Although exact figures are difficult to come by, it's thought at least 19,000 Polish refugees, including many children, spent WWII in Africa. This probably isn’t a forgotten history for the Trekkies but even though I am a Star Trek Fan I did not know about the heroics of James Doohan(Scotty) during World War 2. Maria Wodzicka, herself a Polish immigrant, had helped negotiate their acceptance by the New Zealand government, and took a leading role in assisting them to settle in New Zealand. A Polish cleric named John Laski (1499–1560), nephew of Jan Łaski (1456–1531), converted to Calvinism while in Basel and became an associate of Archbishop Cranmer.In 1550, he was superintendent of the Strangers' Church of London and had some influence on ecclesiastical affairs in the reign of Edward VI. Our records relating to refugees are mainly in the surviving Foreign Office (), Colonial Office (), and Foreign and Commonwealth Office records.Home Office papers also contain records on the domestic treatment of minorities, including refugees, who sought asylum in the UK.Records relating to the Kindertransport refugee programme are available on findmypast (£). Among them was Herbert Karl Friedrich Bahr, a … The Polish Jews on the list had spent the war years in Russia. 50-55000 Polish refugees arrived in Hungary during the Autumn of 1939 – 4000 of them were of Jewish origin. The original plaque reads simply, “Öreryds flyktingläger 1940-1946” (Öreryd refugee camp). In 1977, a stone monument was raised along Öreryd’s main road. Starting in 1942, the port city of Pahlevi (now known as Anzali) became the main landing point for Polish refugees coming into Iran from the Soviet Union, receiving up to 2,500 refugees per day. Over one million Poles were displaced by the war, including armed forces, prisoners of war, refugees, and survivors of forced labour and concentration camps. Polish soldiers playing a card game in Hungary – 1939 Photo: fortepan.hu. In the same year, a range of European governments-in-exile and armies-in exile also arrived.